STATS 191 (Autumn 2019, Stanford)

Description

Course link.

Syllabus

Course Overview

Statistical tools for modern data analysis. Topics include regression and prediction, elements of the analysis of variance, bootstrap, and cross-validation. Emphasis is on conceptual rather than theoretical understanding. Student assignments require use of the software package R.

Expected outcomes

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Enter tabular data using R.
  • Plot data using R, to help in exploratory data analysis.
  • Formulate regression models for the data, while understanding some of the limitations and assumptions implicit in using these models.
  • Fit models using R and interpret the output.
  • Test for associations in a given model.
  • Use diagnostic plots and tests to assess the adequacy of a particular model.
  • Find confidence intervals for the effects of different explanatory variables in the model.
  • Use some basic model selection procedures, as found in R, to find a best model in a class of models.
  • Fit simple ANOVA models in R, treating them as special cases of multiple regression models.
  • Fit simple logistic and Poisson regression models.

Course Information

  • Term: Autumn 2019
  • Units: 3
  • Time: Mon, Wed, Fri 1:30 PM - 2:20 PM
  • Location: Gates B3
  • LEC: 09/23/2019 - 12/06/2019 (10 Weeks - 30 hours)

Prerequisites

An introductory statistics course, such as - STATS 60 or STATS 110 or STATS 141.

Textbook

Software

  • In this course, we will use R for computing and R Markdown for producing lecture slides, solutions for homework assignments. R Markdown is highly recommended to write the solutions for homework assignments. Install the following software:
    • R (required): https://www.r-project.org/.
    • R Studio is highly recommended for syntax highlighting, package management, document generation, and more: https://www.rstudio.com/.
      • The newest version of R Studio is highly recommended.
    • Latex, which will enable you to create PDFs directly from the R Markdown in RStudio.
      • Install Tinytex
        • install.packages(‘tinytex’)
        • tinytex::install_tinytex()

Evaluation

The final letter grade for this course will be determined by each method of assessment weighted as follows:

  • 7 weekly homework assignments (55%)
  • Midterm examination (15%, Wednesday, 10/23/2019)
  • Final examination (30%, according to Stanford calendar: Wednesday, 12/11/2019 @ 3:30 PM, location TBD)

Policies

  • Class Participation
    • Bonus points 5%. Pop quizzes will be given in class (SCPD students can complete in 24 hours). Scan your hand-written solutions as a PDF file/write down your answer in R markdown and render your answer to PDF and upload your answers to gradescope.
    • In-class participation and Piazza discussion are encouraged.
      • Find our class page at: https://piazza.com/stanford/fall2019/stats191/home
      • This term we will be using Piazza for class discussion. The system is highly catered to getting you help fast and efficiently from classmates, the TA, and myself. Rather than emailing questions to the teaching staff, I encourage you to post your questions on Piazza. If you have any problems or feedback for the developers, email .
    • When homework involves simulations and data analysis, you will use R statistical computing software. Please post your R or R Markdown questions to Piazza.
    • Instructor or TA or other students in your class can answer your questions.
    • When asking questions about code, be specific (copy and paste the exact error, relevant code, and describe what you are attempting to do). We will not answer questions that are too similar to the problem sets or that would be better answered in office hours with a whiteboard. Needless to say, you should conduct yourself in a courteous and respectful manner on Canvas Discussion.
  • Weekly homework assignments
    • Homework assignment will be assigned every Friday on Canvas Assignments.
    • Homework assignment will be due every Friday.
      • Prepare your completed homework assignment in PDF format and submit a copy to gradescope.
      • Write the solution for each question on a new page (use \newpage).
    • Use R markdown in R Studio and render it to PDF
    • Each question in the homework assignment will be graded as follows: \(scale \in \left\lbrace 0,1,2\right\rbrace\)
      • 2: submitted on time and more or less correct answer
      • 1: submitted on time and partially correct answer
      • 0: submitted with a completely incorrect answer or late submission (any day after the due date for more than one homework assignment).
    • Each student can hand in only one homework late (within three days after the deadline).
    • After attempting homework problems on an individual basis, students may discuss a homework assignment with their classmates. However, students must write up their own solutions individually and explicitly indicate from whom (if anyone) or resources students received help at the top of their homework solutions.
  • Midterm examination
    • In-class examination: Wednesday, October 23, 2019 @ 1:30PM - 2.20 PM, Gates B3.
    • Students are not allowed to take midterm examinations other than the scheduled date and time (except for the event of extraordinary circumstance that is determined solely by me.)
  • Final examination
    • In-class examination.
    • Following the Stanford calendar: Wednesday, December 11, 2019 @ 3:30PM-6:30 PM, location TBD.
    • Students are not allowed to take final examinations earlier than the scheduled date and time (except for the event of extraordinary circumstance that is determined solely by me.).
    • Students are not allowed to take this course with another conflicting final examination schedule.
  • Accessible Education
    • Students with Documented Disabilities: Students who may need an academic accommodation based on the impact of a disability must initiate the request with the Office of Accessible Education (OAE). Professional staff will evaluate the request with required documentation, recommend reasonable accommodations, and prepare an Accommodation Letter for faculty. Unless the student has a temporary disability, Accommodation letters are issued for the entire academic year. Students should contact the OAE as soon as possible since timely notice is needed to coordinate accommodations. The OAE is located at 563 Salvatierra Walk (phone: 723-1066, URL:https://oae.stanford.edu/.)
    • Provide me an accommodation letter on or before 09/30/2019.
  • Honor Code
    • Students are bound by the Stanford Honor Code. Violation of the honor code will result in a failing grade among other penalties.
  • Stanford Center for Professional Development (SCPD)
    • Stats 191 is listed as one of the SCPD courses.
    • Lecture recordings are being made and might be shared with others at Stanford beyond those currently enrolled in the class.
    • SCPD policies on student privacy: Video cameras located in the back of the room will capture the instructor presentations in this course. For your convenience, you can access these recordings by logging into the course Canvas site. These recordings might be reused in other Stanford courses, viewed by other Stanford students, faculty, or staff, or used for other education and research purposes. Note that while the cameras are positioned with the intention of recording only the instructor, occasionally a part of your image or voice might be incidentally captured. If you have questions, please contact a member of the teaching team.

Lecture Notes

Course Schedule

Date Week Topic Reading Notes
09/23/2019 Week 1 Lecture 1 Course introduction and review Syllabus, Lecture notes
09/25/2019 Week 1 Lecture 2 Review CH: Chapter 1
09/27/2019 Week 1 Lecture 3 Some tips on R Lecture notes Homework 1 posted
09/30/2019 Week 2 Lecture 4 Simple linear regression 1 (introduction, correlation, model, estimation) CH: Chapter 2.1-2.4
10/02/2019 Week 2 Lecture 5 Simple linear regression 2 (inference and prediction) CH: Chapter 2.5-2.8
10/04/2019 Week 2 Lecture 6 Diagnostics for simple linear regression CH: Chapter 2.9 Homework 2 posted, Homework 1 Due
10/07/2019 Week 3 Lecture 7 Multiple linear regression 1 (introduction, model, estimation, geometry of least squares) CH: Chapter 3.1-3.5
10/09/2019 Week 3 Lecture 8 Multiple linear regression 2 (interpretation, matrix formulation, estimation, inference) CH: Chapter 3.6-3.9
10/11/2019 Week 3 Lecture 9, Lecture 9 Multiple linear regression 3 (prediction, contrasts, testing) CH: Chapter 3.10-3.11 Homework 3 posted, Homework 2 Due
10/14/2019 Week 4 Lecture 10 Diagnostics in multiple linear regression (types of residuals, influence) CH: Chapter 4
10/16/2019 Week 4 Lecture 11 Diagnostics in multiple linear regression (outlier detection, residual plots) CH: Chapter 4
10/18/2019 Week 4 Lecture 12 Interactions and qualitative variables (interactions) CH: Chapter 5 Homework 4 posted, Homework 3 Due
10/21/2019 Week 5 Lecture 13 Interactions and qualitative variables (visualization, ANOVA) CH: Chapter 5
10/23/2019 Week 5 Midterm Examinations
10/25/2019 Week 5 Lecture 15 ANOVA models (one-way ANOVA, testing, contrasts) CH: Chapter 5
10/28/2019 Week 6 Lecture 16 ANOVA models (two-way ANOVA, testing, contrasts, mixed effects model) CH: Chapter 5
10/30/2019 Week 6 Lecture 17 Transformations and Weighted Least Squares CH: Chapter 6,7
11/01/2019 Week 6 Lecture 18 Correlated errors CH: Chapter 8,9 Homework 5 posted, Homework 4 Due
11/04/2019 Week 7 [Lecture 19] Correlated errors CH: Chapter 8,9
11/06/2019 Week 7 Lecture 20 Bootstrapping regression Lecture notes will be provided
11/08/2019 Week 7 Lecture 21 Selection CH: Chapter 11 Homework 6 posted, Homework 5 Due
11/11/2019 Week 8 [Lecture 22] Selection CH: Chapter 11
11/13/2019 Week 8 [Lecture 23] Selection CH: Chapter 11
11/15/2019 Week 8 Lecture 24 Penalized regression CH: Chapter 10 Homework 7 posted, Homework 6 Due
11/18/2019 Week 9 [Lecture 25] Penalized regression CH: Chapter 10
11/20/2019 Week 9 [Lecture 26] Penalized regression CH: Chapter 10
11/22/2019 Week 9 Lecture 27 Logistic regression CH: Chapter 12 Homework 7 Due
11/25/2019 Thanksgiving Recess (no classes)
11/27/2019 Thanksgiving Recess (no classes)
11/29/2019 Thanksgiving Recess (no classes)
12/02/2019 Week 10 [Lecture 28] Logistic regression CH: Chapter 12
12/04/2019 Week 10 [Lecture 29] Poisson regression CH: Chapter 13.3
12/06/2019 Week 10 Lecture 30 Final Review Review will be posted
12/11/2019 End-Quarter examinations

Important Dates

Date Day Description
10/11/2019 Friday, 5:00 p.m. Last day to add or drop a class
10/23/2019 Wednesday, 1:30-2:20 p.m. Midterm examination
11/04/2019 Monday, 5:00 p.m. Term withdrawal deadline with a partial refund
11/25/2019- 11/29/2019 Monday - Friday Thanksgiving Recess (no classes)
12/02/2019 - 12/08/2019 Monday - Sunday End-Quarter Period
12/06/2019 Friday Last day of classes
12/11/2019 Wednesday Final Examinations @ 3:30 p.m. - 6.30 p.m.
12/17/2019 Tuesday, 11.59 p.m. Grades due

R Markdown files

R Markdown files to create the lecture slides are available here.

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